The SUN SAFETY QUIZ 2016 as posted on my facebook page for 12 days where everyone had a chance to answer. Correct answers are highlighted in red and some additional information is added for further understanding.
#1. What does SPF stand for?
a) Sun Protection Force b) Sunscreen Protection Factor
c) Sun Protection Factor d) Sun Protection Fraction
#2 The FDA requires that all sunscreens retain their original strength for how long
A. 1 year B. 2 years C. 3 years D. 4 years
#3 One person dies of melanoma every:
A. 5 hours B. 2 hours c. 12 minutes D. 52 minutes
#4 Which rays are responsible for burning the skin?
A. UVA (accelerate aging) B. UVB C. UVC (cancer causing but stay above the ozone layer) D. UVD (don't exist as far as I know)
#5 You can skip the sunscreen on cloudy days and cold days..
A.True B. False C.can’t skip on cloudy days, but can on cold days D. Can’t skip on cold days but can on cloudy days
#6 Research show that indoor tanning increases a person’s melanoma risk by
A. 23% B. 90% C. 55% D. 75%
#7 Skin cancer lesions can develop
A. in the eyes B. under the finger/toe nails C. inside the mouth D. all of the above
#8 Fill in the blank: A person who has had one melanoma has a _____ risk of getting another melanoma.
A. 5 x higher B. 25 x higher C. 80 x higher D. 50 x higher
Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is a proven human carcinogen.
#9 The International Agency for Research on Cancer, an affiliate of the World Health Organization, includes which of the following on its Group 1 list of agents that are cancer-causing to humans?
A. Plutonium B. tanning devices C. cigarettes D. solar UV radiation.
E. only C & D F. all the above, many states ban tanning for minors or require parental permission while others are considering banning indoor tanning completely.
#10 Which factor is the second biggest contributor to skin aging?
a) genetics (only 10%) b) sun exposure (#1 contributor)
c) smoking d) diet
Bonus point if you know the #1 contributor.
#11: How do I treat a sunburn? It’s important to begin treating a sunburn as soon as possible. In addition to stopping further UV exposure, dermatologists recommend treating a sunburn with which of the following:
A. Cool baths to reduce the heat; and immediately applying moisturizer to help ease the discomfort caused by dryness. As soon as you get out of the bathtub, gently pat yourself dry, but leave a little water on your skin. Then apply a moisturizer to trap the water in your skin.
B. Hydrocortisone cream that you can buy without a prescription to help ease discomfort. C. Aspirin or ibuprofen. This can help reduce the swelling, redness, and discomfort.
D. Drinking extra water. A sunburn draws fluid to the skin surface and away from the rest of the body. Drinking extra water prevents dehydration. Do not treat with “-caine” products (such as benzocaine)..
E. All of the above
#12 Knowing how long a person is protected by sunscreen is a common issue of confusion but is crucial for knowing which SPF to choose. If you normally pink up (flush) or get a sunburn after being unprotected in the sun for 30 minutes, using a sunscreen with an SPF of 15, will prevent a sunburn for:
a. 45 minutes Bad news/good news, if you answered A, you’re wrong, but the good news is that you actually get longer protection than you thought
b. 1200 minutes
c. 450 minutes Many people still do not know what the Sun Protection Factor means and how much protection to expect from the product. The number is not a % of protection and you do not add the SPF factor to #minutes. The SPF factor is a MULTIPLIER. In this example, you multiply 30 minutes x 15 = 450 minutes. Reapplication every 2 hours, or more often if you get wet, is always recommended by sunscreen manufacturers. Please note that reapplication does NOT “reset” your time clock for sun exposure. The clock starts once UV hits you. Therefore, if you apply at 7 am but exposure doesn’t start until 9 am, your clock starts at 9 am and you’ll want to reapply around 11 am.
d. 600 minutes
Sources of information included: The Skin Cancer Foundation, The American Academy of Dermatology, International Dermal Institute, the FDA, and Mary Kay Cosmetics, Inc.
I am a licensed esthetician and own Renewal Skin & Body Center in Iowa City, IA. I love giving facials and other services that enhance one's appearance. Even more important is to educate people about skin-related services and products.